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3304-1 - Avaya Call Center Elite Implementation(R) and Maintenance - Dump Information

Vendor : Avaya
Exam Code : 3304-1
Exam Name : Avaya Call Center Elite Implementation(R) and Maintenance
Questions and Answers : 69 Q & A
Updated On : August 18, 2017
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3304-1 Questions and Answers

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Given the Information in the exhibit, which skill number will the next call be served by, and at which step will vector processing end?


  1. skill 3; step 3

  2. skill 2; step 5

  3. skill 2; step 8

  4. skill l; step 5


Answer: C


Explanation:

the check skill command in step 8 attempts to queue the call according to the parameter indicated (if calls-queued < 2) to the skill group that corresponds to the 3rd VDN skil (skill 2)


QUESTION: 66

In an Expert Agent Selection (EAS) Call Center, the customer wants queued calls to be answered by the agent that has been available the longest. Skill level is not an important factor when routing the queued calls to an agent. Which type of call distribution method should the hunt group be configured to achieve this?


  1. Direct Department Calling (DDC)

  2. Uniform Call Distribution Most Idle Agent (UCD-MIA)

  3. Uniform Call Distribution-Least Occupied Agent (UCD-LOA)

  4. Dynamic Agent Selection (DAS)

  5. Expert Agent Distribution-Most Idle Agent (EAD-MIA)


Answer: B


Reference:

AdministeringAvaya Aura™Call Center Features 6.0 page 224


QUESTION: 67

The claims department of an insurance company must separate calls by area code. Some groups of agents can only handle calls Item one area code, while other groups of agents can handle multiple a codes. Which group of vector steps would satisfy this requirement?


  1. goto vector 21 @ step 1 if ani = 201 + goto vector 21 @ step 1 if ani = 212 + goto vector 23 @ step 1 if ani in table 1 goto vector 24 @ step 1 if ani in table 2

  2. goto vector 21 @ step 1 if ani = 201? goto vector 21 @ step 1 if ani = 212? goto vector 23 @ step 1 if ani in table 1 goto vector 24 @ step 1 if ani in table 2

  3. goto vector 21 @ step 1 if ani = 201 goto vector 21 @ step 1 if ani = 212 goto vector 23

    @ step 1 if ani in table 1 goto vector 24 @ step 1 if ani in table 2

  4. goto vector 21 @ step 1 if ani = 2?1 goto vector 21 @ step 1 if ani = 2?2 goto vector 23

@ step 1 if ani in table 1 goto vector 24 @ step 1 if ani in table 2


Answer: A


Reference:

Programming Call Vectors in Avaya Aura™Call Center 6.0 page 52


QUESTION: 68

You are tasked to run Basic Call Management Reports (BCMS) on your call center agents. You need to run a report to find out how many calls each agent took the previous day. Which command is used to run this report?


  1. monitor bcms agent 1234 day mm/dd

  2. list bcms agent mm/dd

  3. list bcms agent mm/dd

  4. list bcms agent 1234 day mm/dd


Answer: D


Reference:

07-300061 page 29


QUESTION: 69

Why would a vector skip the step "queue to skill" and go to the next step without planning the call in queue?


  1. because all agents are unavailable or on a call

  2. because no agents are logged in

  3. because the queue limit has been reached in the hunt group

  4. because there is a route-to command after the queue-to command


Answer: C


Avaya 3304-1 Exam (Avaya Call Center Elite Implementation(R) and Maintenance) Detailed Information

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03 October 2016 v1 3
upon which the products and solutions are built. Avaya recommends the programs of leading industry players
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03 October 2016 v1 4
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  • Imaging of the elbow in infants with wrist fracture: an useless source of radiation and use of elements?

    Pediatric Radiology

    August 2015, quantity forty five, subject eight, pp 1169–1173

  • Lauren P. GoldingEmail author
  • Yousef Yasin
  • Jasmeet Singh
  • Bettina M. Gyr
  • Alison Gardner
  • Evelyn Anthony
  • normal Article First on-line: 26 February 2015 obtained: 22 October 2014 Revised: 02 January 2015 authorized: 04 February 2015

    DOI: 10.1007/s00247-015-3304-1

    Cite this article as: Golding, L.P., Yasin, Y., Singh, J. et al. Pediatr Radiol (2015) forty five: 1169. doi:10.1007/s00247-015-3304-1 abstract heritage

    Anecdotally accepted practice for contrast of infants with clinically suspected or radiographically confirmed wrist fracture in lots of urgent care and primary care settings is concurrent imaging of the forearm and elbow, despite the shortcoming of evidence to guide extra photographs. These further radiographs may well be an needless source of radiation and use of health care supplies.

    goal

    Our examine assesses the necessity of additional radiographs of the forearm and elbow in children with wrist damage.

    substances and strategies

    We reviewed electronic scientific records of little ones 17 and more youthful in whom wrist fracture become clinically determined in the emergency branch. We identified the frequency with which further radiographs of the proximal forearm and distal humerus verified one other site of acute damage.

    consequences

    We identified 214 children with wrist fracture. Of those, 129 received additional radiographs of the elbow. physical examination findings proximal to the wrist had been documented in precisely 16 (12%) of those 129 infants. A second harm proximal to the wrist fracture turned into existing in four (three%) of those 129 babies, all of whom exhibited actual examination findings at the elbow. No fractures had been documented in toddlers with a poor physical examination of the elbow.

    Conclusion

    however elbow fractures now and again complicate distal forearm fractures in toddlers, our findings indicate that a cautious actual contrast of the elbow is enough to ebook extra radiographic investigation. activities radiographs of each the wrist and elbow in little ones with distal forearm fracture seem like unnecessary when an acceptable physical examination is carried out.

    keyword phrases ChildrenElbowForearmFractureRadiographyWrist

    References
  • 1.

    Khosla S, Melton LJ third, Dekutoski MB et al (2003) Incidence of childhood distal forearm fractures over 30 years: a population-based mostly look at. JAMA 290:1479–1485CrossRefPubMedGoogle pupil
  • 2.

    Bailey DA, Wedge JH, McCulloch RG et al (1989) Epidemiology of fractures of the distal end of the radius in babies as associated with increase. J Bone Joint Surg Am 71:1225–1231PubMedGoogle scholar
  • three.

    Nellans KW, Kowalski E, Chung KC (2012) The epidemiology of distal radius fractures. Hand Clin 15:113–125CrossRefGoogle pupil
  • four.

    Bae DS, Waters PM (2006) Pediatric distal radius fractures and triangular fibrocartilage advanced injuries. Hand Clin 22:forty three–45CrossRefPubMedGoogle student
  • 5.

    Pershad J, Monroe ok, King W et al (2000) Can clinical parameters predict fractures in acute pediatric wrist accidents? Acad Emerg Med 7:1152–1155CrossRefPubMedGoogle pupil
  • 6.

    Parmelee-Peters okay, Eathorne SW (2005) The wrist: typical accidents and management. Prim Care 32:35–70CrossRefPubMedGoogle pupil
  • 7.

    Roposch A, Reis M, Molina M et al (2001) Supracondylar fractures of the humerus associated with ipsilateral forearm fractures in children: a document of forty-seven cases. J Pediatr Orthop 21:307–312PubMedGoogle scholar
  • eight.

    Templeton PA, Graham HK (1995) The ‘floating elbow’ in toddlers. Simultaneous supracondylar fractures of the humerus and of the forearm in the equal upper limb. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 77:791–796Google scholar
  • Copyright guidance

    © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

    Authors and Affiliations
  • Lauren P. Golding e mail creator
  • Yousef Yasin
  • Jasmeet Singh
  • Bettina M. Gyr
  • Alison Gardner
  • Evelyn Anthony
  • 1.branch of RadiologyWake woodland college Baptist HealthWinston-SalemUSA
  • 2.branch of Orthopedic SurgeryWake woodland college Baptist HealthWinston-SalemUSA
  • 3.branch of Pediatric Emergency MedicineWake wooded area school Baptist HealthWinston-SalemUSA
  • four.Triad Radiology AssociatesWinston-SalemUSA

  • people v Fielden[*1] people v Fielden 2015 new york Slip Op 51097(U) decided on July 22, 2015 crook court docket Of The city Of ny, big apple County Statsinger, J. published by ny State legislation Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary legislation § 431. This opinion is uncorrected and may no longer be posted within the printed reliable studies.

    decided on July 22, 2015Criminal court of the city of ny, ny County

    The people of the State of ny

    in opposition t

    Louise Fielden, Defendant.

    2015NY022889

    For the Defendant:

    Tacopina & Seigel, P.C., through Chad D. Seigel, Esq.For the americans:Cyrus R. Vance, Jr., long island County District legal professional, with the aid of A.D.A. Joshuah Lisk.Steven M. Statsinger, J.

    Defendant, whereas a guest at a manhattan lodge, left her child son unattended in the foyer, and on my own in her hotel room, for durations exceeding one hour. She now stands charged with two counts of endangering the welfare of a baby, Penal legislations § 260.10(1) and (2), and one count number of resisting arrest. A post-arrest search of defendant's luggage revealed a bottle of codeine tablets in defendant's luggage. For this, defendant is charged with crook possession of a managed substance in the seventh degree, Penal legislation § 220.03.

    Defendant moves to push aside all counts She argues that her actions didn't place the baby in hazard and that, given this, there changed into no lawful basis for her arrest. With recognize to the § 220.03 can charge, defendant asserts that the counsel fails to allege that she lacked a prescription for the codeine. For the causes that observe, the movement to disregard is DENIED as to all counts. Defendant also strikes to suppress the codeine, commentary facts and identification evidence; as to that, the court offers a Dunaway/Mapp/Huntley/Wade hearing.

    I. FACTUAL history

    A. The Allegations

    in line with the accusatory instrument, on April 10, 2015, defendant became a guest at the Chelsea Highline hotel, in long island. She was staying along with her infant son, who turned into less than six months ancient. A witness noticed the defendant leave the baby on the floor in the resort lobby, then stroll away and depart the child by myself and unattended for more than one hour without checking on the child. in addition, defendant left the child by myself in her lodge room for durations exceeding one hour.

    When a police officer went to defendant's room and attempted to arrest her for this, she resisted, within the infant's presence. After the arrest, the police officer discovered a bottle of codeine tables in the defendant's bags.

    B. prison proceedings

    [*2]Defendant turned into arraigned April 11 , 2015, on a misdemeanor criticism charging her with violating Penal legislations §§ 260.10(1) and (2), 220.03 and 205.30. The court launched the defendant on her personal recognizance and adjourned the case for conversion.

    On April 17, 2015, the americans converted the misdemeanor complaint into an counsel by using submitting a supporting deposition. Defendant filed the immediate motion on June 6. The americans responded on July 2, defendant filed a reply on July 15, and the count number has been sub judice because then.

    II. THE assistance

    The misdemeanor complaint, sworn to through Police Officer Gregory Kosarek, provides that

    i'm suggested with the aid of Roque Duran ... that [on April 10, 2015] he observed the defendant as a visitor of the Chelsea Highline resort, with an newborn child in her care. The newborn's identify is ["S.F."] and his date of start is [less than six months prior to April 10, 2015].

    i'm extra advised that Mr. Duran accompanied the defendant within the foyer of the resort with the baby baby and that he accompanied the defendant area the baby on the ground and walk away and go away the baby unattended for duration of time exceeding one hour with out checking on the child. i'm further suggested that Mr. Duran accompanied the defendant within the foyer devoid of the infant for period exceeding one hour, and that the defendant was no longer staying with any one else at the resort, and that there have been no different visitors within the defendant's room apart from the infant newborn.

    when I tried to arrest the defendant for the above conduct, the defendant twisted away from me, clenched her fingers in opposition t her chest and lay on her belly and refused to vicinity her palms behind her again, making it complicated to vicinity the defendant in handcuffs with out the suggestions of two other cops.

    whereas i was attempting to arrest the defendant, the defendant's child became latest in the room.

    I recovered a bottle of Codeine drugs from the defendant's luggage. I agree with the substance is what it is purported to be primarily based upon: my professional practicing as a police officer in the identification fo drugs, my prior adventure as a police officer making drug arrests and the label on the capsule bottle.

    The submitting of a helping deposition from Roque Duran converted the misdemeanor criticism into an tips.

    III. discussion

    all of the counts in the guidance are facially ample. The allegations that defendant left her newborn infant unattended on the ground of a inn foyer and by myself in her hotel room for prolonged periods make out a prima facie violation of both Penal law § 260.10(1) and 260.10(2). individuals v. Lowe, forty seven Misc 3d 843, 1 N.Y.S.3d 756 (Crim Ct big apple County 2015); americans v. Eury, 46 Misc 3d 1208(A), 7 N.Y.S.3d 244 (Crim Ct big apple County 2015). Given this, the resisting arrest can charge is additionally facially adequate.

    With appreciate to the Penal legislation § 220.03 cost, the court docket holds that, when a defendant is charged with violating this section by using possessing a prescription drug, the suggestions does not need to allege the absence of a prescription.

    at last, besides the fact that children, the court concurs that a Dunaway/Mapp hearing is integral to look at various the legality of the warrantless search of the defendant's baggage, as are Huntley and Wade hearings.

    A. Facial Sufficiency in customary

    A misdemeanor assistance serves the equal function in a misdemeanor prosecution that an indictment serves in a felony prosecution: It ensures that a legally satisfactory case may also be made in opposition t the defendant. americans v. Dumay, 23 NY3d 518 ( 2014); people v Alejandro, 70 NY2d 133, 138-39, 517 N.Y.S2d 927, 930-31, 511 N.E.2d 71, seventy four (1987) . for this reason, a misdemeanor suggestions should set forth "nonhearsay allegations which, if proper, establish every point of the offense charged and the defendant's commission thereof." Kalin, 12 NY3d at 228-29, 906 N.E.2nd at 383, 878 N.Y.S.2d at 655 (citing people v Henderson, 92 NY2d 677, 679, 685 N.Y.S.second 409, 708 N.E.2d 165(1999) and CPL one hundred.40 (1)(c)). here is referred to as "the prima facie case requirement." Kalin, 12 N.Y.3d at 229, 906 N.E.2d at 383, 878 N.Y.S.2nd at 655.

    The prima facie case requirement doesn't necessitate that an counsel allege records that would prove a defendant's guilt past a reasonable doubt. people v. Jennings, 69 NY2d 103, 115, 512 N.Y.S2d 652, 657, 504 N.E.second 1079, 1084 (1986). reasonably, the advice want only contain allegations of incontrovertible fact that "give an accused adequate observe to put together a protection and are safely precise to stay away from a defendant from being tried twice for a similar offense." americans v Casey, 95 NY2d 354, 360, 717 N.Y.S2d 88, ninety one, 740 N.E.2nd 233, 236 (2000). A court docket reviewing for facial insufficiency ought to area the allegations in the suggestions to a "reasonable and not overly restrictive or technical study 3304-1ing," identity., expect that those allegations are proper, and accept as true with all low cost inferences that may well be drawn from them. CPL §§ 100.40, one hundred.15; americans v Jackson, 18 NY3d 738, 747, 944 N.Y.S2d 715, 721-22, 967 N.E.second 1160, 1166-67 (2012). See additionally Casey, 95 NY2d at 360, 717 N.Y.S2d at ninety one, 740 N.E.2nd at 236.

    B. The count Charging Penal law §§ 260.10 (1) Is Facially adequate.

    This courtroom has prior to now discovered enough accusatory gadgets charging defendants with infant endangerment by leaving little ones by myself at home, Eury, forty six Misc 3d at 1208(A), 7 N.Y.S.3d at 244 , and by leaving them unattended in a public region, Lowe, forty seven Misc.3dat 843, 1 N.Y.S.3d at 756. The information right here, which alleges both such circumstances, is likewise facially satisfactory.

    someone is guilty of endangering the welfare of a baby below Penal law § 260.10(1) when she knowingly acts in a manner more likely to be injurious to the actual, intellectual or moral welfare of a toddler more youthful than seventeen years historical. For a defendant to be in charge under this area, she "have to effortlessly be conscious that the behavior might also probably outcomes in harm to a child." individuals v. Johnson, ninety five NY2d 368, 372, 718 N.Y.S.2d 1, 740 N.E.2d 1075 (2000). exact hurt to the newborn needn't take place; even so, damage have to be doubtless, and never merely possible, on account of the defendant's actions. id. at 371. See additionally individuals v. Duenas, 190 Misc second 801, 742 N.Y.S.second 468 (App. term 2d Dept. 2002).

    1. section 260.10(1) and "home alone" cases

    some of the acts alleged during this case is that defendant violated § 260.10(1) by leaving her newborn by myself in a inn room for a couple of hour. In Eury, this court recognized that big apple courts have reached "no clear consensus" as to address "home by myself" situations. Eury facets out, however, that a number of courts have upheld an guidance charging baby endangerment for leaving a baby domestic on my own, even the place there have been no particular irritating facts pled. as an example, americans v. Reyes, 20 Misc 3d 1129(A), 872 N.Y.S.second 692 (Crim. Ct. Kings County 2008), held that an suggestions turned into ample the place it alleged that the defendant left a four-12 months-historic infant on my own for fifteen minutes. in a similar fashion, people v. Watson, 182 Misc second 644, seven hundred N.Y.S.2d 651 (Crim Ct Bronx County 1999), held that the allegation that defendant left a seven-yr-historical on my own in a locked house for two and one-half hours became adequate. See also, individuals v. Gulab, 23 Misc 3d 1123(A), 886 N.Y.S.second 68 (Crim. Ct. Queens County 2009) ("involving the act of leaving the little ones home on my own, this court docket consents with the line of instances where courts have discovered that leaving younger babies home alone is an act proscribed by way of the statute, and not solely an act of bad parenting.'")

    In Eury, this courtroom adopted these cases, agreeing with the conclusion in Reyes that "the question raised in this classification of circumstances is principally unsuited to decision on the facial sufficiency stage."46 Misc 3d at 1208(A), 7 N.Y.S.3d at 244. "[W]hether a specific case is purely certainly one of non-criminal dangerous parenting' or no matter if the cases give upward thrust to a the vital abilities on the a part of the defendant and chance of harm to the little ones is a question it is more correctly left to the finder of reality at trial." identification.

    The court read 3304-1ily cannot discern any significant change between this case and Eury. There, the defendant changed into imagined to have left 4 little ones, ranging in age from one to nine years, alone in an house for about forty minutes. The courtroom found a prima facie case as a result of "[t]listed here are definitely in your price range inferences to be drawn from this that would guide findings that these circumstances had been prone to trigger harm to the babies and that the defendant knew this to be so." The equal is right here. as the people correctly argue, Lisk Aff. at ¶ 5, an newborn baby left on my own in a hotel room might have placed a small object in his mouth and choked, been suffocated with the aid of bedding, or fallen over and hit his head. In any event, as in Eury, the optimum resolution as to whether defendant violated § 260.20(1) should be made by the finder of fact at trial.

    2. area 260.10(1) and kids Unattended in Public locations

    Th guidance also alleges that the defendant left her child child on the floor of the inn lobby, a public place, for as a minimum one hour. This courtroom addressed an identical circumstance in Lowe, where the defendant turned into passed out drunk on a public bench when he changed into presupposed to be minding his toddlers, who have been three and four years old. One child become unattended regional, while the other curiously disappeared. 47 Misc 3d at 843, 1 N.Y.S.3d at 756. The courtroom had little trouble concluding that these data made out a prima facie violation of § 260.20(1).

    The equal is true here. although there isn't any allegation that this defendant become intoxicated, as turned into the defendant in Lowe, she is even so accused of leaving a younger infant unattended in a public area. whereas the reason for the abandonment can be different here, the competencies harm to the child was now not. "Defendant's moves evidently posed greater than a mere possibility of hurt to the little ones; the likelihood of great harm to them turned into all too real." id. risks just as severe as those recognized in Lowe can be moderately inferred here. whereas the newborn become pretty much certainly too younger to crawl away, he become fully incapable of preventing a stranger from abducting him. in addition, because the child is alleged to had been left on the flooring of a resort foyer - a busy region [*3]in which inn visitors and team of workers circulate often, often transporting heavy objects, corresponding to bags - the chance of physical damage to the infant was large. And, of direction, there's a reasonable inference that the defendant knew of those risks when she decided to depart her newborn infant unattended on the ground of a resort foyer.

    three. Conclusion

    The data right here make out a prima facie case of a violation of Penal law § 260.10(1).

    C. The count number Charging a Violation of § 260.10(2) Is Facially enough

    As to the count number charging Penal legislations § 260.10(2), defendant argues that the facts alleged don't trigger the family unit court Act definitions which are included by using reference into § 260.10(2). Seigel Aff. at ¶¶ 29-39. The court disagrees. basically, it confronted the similar situation in Eury.

    Penal legislation § 260.10(2) is violated when, as pertinent here, a guardian of a toddler lower than 18 years ancient "fails or refuses to pastime inexpensive diligence in the control of such child to stay away from him from becoming ... a not noted infant' " as that term is described within the family courtroom Act. section 1012(f) of the household court Act defines a "left out newborn" as, first, a child below eighteen years of age whose "physical, intellectual or emotional circumstance has been impaired or is in coming near near danger of fitting impaired on account of the failure of his dad or mum or different person legally accountable for his care to recreation a minimal degree of care." this may arise with the aid of a failure to provide adequate food, clothing, guard or schooling when the guardian has the means to accomplish that, or by putting the child in actual danger due to extreme corporal punishment or as a result of the mother or father's intoxication. § 1012(f)(i)(A) & (B). however, a baby is a "left out infant," when deserted by his parent or different grownup legally responsible for his care. § 1012(f)(ii).

    as the court docket mentioned in Eury, forty six Misc 3d at 1208(A), 7 N.Y.S.3d at 244, while the family unit court Act definitions would appear to require an information to allege whatever more than an isolated instance of leaving a baby with out supervision, binding precedent dictates otherwise. In individuals v. Aquino, 2002 WL 1312674 at *1 (App. term. 1st Dept. 2002), the Appellate term, First department, held that an guidance alleging that the defendant left her five-12 months-old infant and a seven-month-historic child on my own in a Bronx condominium at nighttime made out a prima facie case of a violation of § 260.20(2), even if it did not specify the size of the duration throughout which the infants were unattended. The court noted that "the complicated question of even if the infants were ignored ... is a factual remember correctly left for trial." identification., citations and internal quotation marks left out.

    As became real in Eury, the fast case is naturally governed by means of Aquino, and this courtroom is bound to comply with it. as a result, according to Aquino, the suggestions is facially satisfactory as to Penal law § 260.10(2). The foremost question whether the baby right here become ignored ought to be left to the finder of truth at trial.

    D. The Resisting Arrest count number Is Facially ample

    In mild of the above analysis, the resisting arrest count number is facially enough. The movement to brush aside that count is denied. E.g. individuals v. Pesola, 37 Misc 3d 569, 950 N.Y.S.second 260 (Crim Ct big apple County 2012).

    E. The count Charging Penal legislations § 220.03 Is Facially enough

    opposite to defendant's statement, when a defendant is charged with crook possession of a managed substance, and that substance is a prescription drug, the people do not deserve to plead the absence of a prescription.

    1. "illegal" Possession

    part 220.03 offers, in pertinent part, that someone is guilty of criminal possession of a managed substance in the seventh degree when she "knowingly and unlawfully possesses a managed substance." "Unlawfully" capacity in violation of article thirty-three of the general public health law." Penal legislation § 220.00(2). That article, the long island State managed resources Act, Public fitness legislations § 3300, et seq., regulates the possession, manufacture, meting out, administering, and distribution of controlled elements in ny State, and makes it illegal for any grownup to own or sell a managed substance "apart from as expressly allowed by means of this article." Public health legislations § 3304(1).

    2. unlawful Possession of Prescription medicine

    in the big majority of cases where the managed substance at difficulty is a prescription drug, some truth alleged in the accusatory instrument will, by using itself, cause an affordable inference that the possession changed into illegal, rendering moot the query even if the defendant had a prescription. for instance, an allegation that the defendant meant to sell the drug, individuals v. Garthaffner, one hundred fifteen Misc 2d ninety three, 454 N.Y.S.2nd 583 (App. term 1st Dept. 1982), or that she had just bought the drug from a street seller, americans v. Roman, 3 Misc 3d 56, 880 N.Y.S.2d 451 (App. term 1st Dept 2009) (dismissing assistance on different floor); people v. Barnwell, 147 Misc second 342, 554 N.Y.S.2nd 752 (Crim Ct ny County 1990), or that she possessed loose drugs, people v. Guinan, 40 Misc 3d 1236(A), 977 N.Y.S.second 668 (just. Ct town of Webster 2013), will often suffice.

    This case, youngsters, is distinct. The codeine that the defendant is accused of "unlawfully" possessing changed into in a bottle, and the bottle become seemingly as it should be labeled. The bottle was found in her baggage, a wonderfully innocuous location for it to be, and the bags became in her resort room, not in public. nevertheless, even on these records, the guidance sufficiently alleges that defendant's possession of the codeine become unlawful.

    3. Lack of a Prescription is a "Proviso" that does not need to be Pled within the information

    This case involves codeine, which is a schedule II managed substance. Public fitness legislations §§ 3306, time table II(b)(1)(7). As such, in normal, a normal member of the public may additionally possess it lawfully best if the substance become received through prescription.[FN1] Penal legislation § 220.00(15); Public fitness legislations §§ 3331(2), 3332(1), (three). handiest the person for whom the substance become prescribed is accepted to possess a agenda II managed substance, and the substance ought to remain within the long-established container in which it was dispensed. Public fitness law § 3345. A violation of anyone or more of these necessities renders the possession of a agenda II controlled substance unlawful.

    for that reason, if the individuals were required to plead every proven fact that rendered the defendant's possession of the codeine unlawful, they might have needed to allege both that the defendant didn't have a prescription for the codeine, or that, if she did, it was now not in its common container. but the americans don't endure this burden at the pleading stage.

    In people v. Torres, forty seven Misc 3d 24, 5 N.Y.S.3d 796 (App. term 2d, eleventh & 13th Dists [*4]2015), the court docket addressed this very question, rejecting defendant's declare that an accusatory instrument alleging a violation of § 220.03 became jurisdictionally faulty since it failed to allege that the defendant lacked a prescription. Torres discovered that the cases described within the Public fitness legislations that may render lawful the possession of a controlled substance had been "provisos," no longer "exceptions," and hence that the individuals didn't should plead their absence in an guidance charging a violation of § 220.03:

    [I]t would defy typical experience to require the americans to plead and negate the numerous different exceptions to managed substance violations that are offered in the Public health legislations, moreover possession of a sound prescription, or to treat the possession of a legitimate prescription because the sole exclusion that ought to be pleaded and negated. Absent a ordinary registry for prescriptions, as a pragmatic count, it could be unimaginable to prove the absence of a prescription.

    id. in a similar way, in individuals v. Lobianco, 2 Misc 3d 419, 766 N.Y.S.second 807 (Crim Ct Kings County 2003), the defendant was charged with crook possession of a hypodermic instrument, Penal legislation § 220.45. The court docket rejected a claim that the assistance turned into facially insufficient in that it didn't allege that the defendant had no longer bought the syringes legally at a pharmacy. As in Torres, the court concluded that the provisions of the public health legislation that rendered lawful the possession of a hypodermic instrument have been "provisos" that did not should be pled. See additionally people v. Becker, 13 Misc 3d 492, 820 N.Y.S.2nd 496 (Rochester metropolis court 2006) (assistance in drug possession case become facially enough in spite of the fact that it didn't allege the statutory exceptions to the vehicle presumption; these exceptions were found outdoor of the Penal legislations statute under which the defendant changed into charged, and accordingly have been provisos that defendant was free to elevate in defense to the charge.)

    This courtroom agrees with Torres, Lobianco and Becker. The numerous situations identified within the Public fitness law that might make possession of codeine lawful are "provisos," now not "exceptions," and the americans needn't plead facts to negate each and every of them in an counsel charging a violation of § 220.03. This does not, besides the fact that children, as Lobianco stated, alter the americans's burden of proof at trial. They still have the burden of proving at trial that the defendant unlawfully possessed the codeine.

    four. it's Immaterial that Defendant Asserts that She, really, had a Prescription

    In help of her action to dismiss, defendant has proffered a letter from a doctor maintaining that, in July of 2013, some twenty-one months before this arrest, the doctor prescribed the defendant 120 tablets containing codeine - 4 a day for 30 days - for ache as a consequence of a back injury. but, at this stage of the case, it is immaterial that defendant asserts that she had a prescription for the codeine, considering that that fact doesn't affect the facial validity of accusatory instrument. Lobianco, 2 Misc 3d at 425, 766 N.Y.S.second at 812. here is proper however, as protection information observes, the doctor's letter together with the allegation within the suggestions that the codeine become in a bottle that became safely labeled, together might cause an inference that defendant lawfully possessed the codeine. The most desirable determination as as to whether defendant lawfully possessed the codeine might be made via the finder of reality at trial.

    5. Conclusion

    For these factors, the action to push aside the count charging a violation of Penal legislations § 220.03 [*5]is denied.

    F. The court docket Orders a Dunaway/Mapp/Huntley/Wade hearing

    Defendant is suitable that the assistance doesn't allege data justifying the apparently warrantless search of defendant's bags. no matter if the facts of the case make out one of the vital exceptions to the warrant requirement - equivalent to consent, a listing search or a search incident to a lawful arrest - should still be verified at an evidentiary hearing. as a result, the court orders a Dunaway/Mapp listening to. moreover, based on the events' movement papers, Huntley and Wade hearings are additionally warranted.

    G. Conclusion

    The movement to dismiss for facial insufficiency is denied as to all counts. The court orders a Dunaway/Mapp/HuntleyWade hearing.

    IV. Conclusion

    For the foregoing reasons, defendant's action to dismiss is denied. youngsters, the court orders a Dunaway/Mapp/Huntley/Wade listening to. This constitutes the decision and Order of the courtroom.

    Dated: July 22, 2015_______________________

    big apple County, New YorkSteven M. Statsinger

    choose of the criminal CourtFootnotes

    Footnote 1:the public health legislations identifies definite other circumstances the place managed elements may be possessed lawfully without a prescription, however they don't seem to be pertinent right here. See, frequently, Public health legislation § 3305 (describing exceptions to the prescription requirement for, inter alia, usual carriers, "warehousemen," and public officers or their personnel appearing in an respectable capacity).


    examine 2 - ·' - IEE 2610 Test2 (50 pts. total) Dr. Diana...

    Unformatted text preview: ·' -� IEE 2610 Test2 (50 pts. total) Dr. Diana Prieto Fall 2015 1. Xis a random variable with chance density characteristic: for O :s; x :s; 2 otherwise 0.5x f(x) = 0 [2] (a) Calculate right here likelihood: P(0.seventy five :s; X s 1.25). f ( 0. 7 J � 'IC� 1:o-S) � J \,?J ('),S1' <.y: ::: 0,7) [3] (b) '·00 ro,is/] :: L . o ..,s 0.'l_ Calculate the cumulative distribution feature F(b), where b is a continuing price. 01, (').�\, -o �) C>,;1,.17] -l [ 5] (b) Calculate the variance of X. V [,) : \�x-1l· jl'0 olx .; J �� S:-x lo�') Jy : 1.,,-:;; page I of 10 q [2] 2. r [2] four. actual o~ (Circle the acceptable response based on the following observation according to the same pattern facts, the width of a ninety five% self belief interval is wider than the width of a ninety nine% confidence interval. ~ or ~ LSE (Circle the appropriate response in line with the following statemen~ with the aid of increasing the dimension of your sample, you should be expanding the width of the confidence interval for the inhabitants suggest ~ or FALSE (Circle the appropriate response based on here commentary) for a similar sample, a 95% prediction interval is wider than a 95% self belief interval. -tc [l] 5. For gigantic samples (n>=25), the significant limit Theorem permits us to approximate the distribution of the pattern imply to a standard distribution, when the samples come from: (a) A Chi-rectangular distribution (b) A t-distribution @ g ~ [l] 6. a standard distribution Any probability distribution locate the Z values (z-ratings) akin to a ninety nine% two-sided confidence interval. (Circle the ONE proper reply under.) oC:: •\ - ,qq .:; 0.01 o.oos ~ ±1.645 ® ±2.325 ~ ±1.960 @ ±2.575 web page 2 of 10 [1] 1C) The general deviation of the sampling distribution of the mean is also called the . (Circle the ONE suitable reply below). (a) (b) 8. " "io ~ '~ ; 165 S ti'= b.S qo°i'o C..1. • h,o s-,Ml usual error of the suggest (d) [5] sum of squares ® -\ ~ vanance not one of the above selections are appropriate The weights of a random pattern of 20 college male first yr students yielded an average of a hundred sixty five kilos and a typical deviation of 6.5 pounds. determine a ninety% twosided self assurance interval for the suggest weight of all tuition male first 12 months students. make sure to include a verbal interpretation of the confidence interval. expect that the underlying distribution of the population is normal. 'Beco..aje. n <. 'd..S o. ncl ,t iS () c,~ .\-he popv.\oJ:un cL:i+o, ~ will u.~ t. \ - 0 ,G\O :.--- ~ ('.), 10 ~ ---- 0.05 ;f \~ 'J.9 \ / L0 W'CJ,r av·~-'IJCJ ' ,c.<1 - a hundred sixty five - \,1iq I / / 6· 5 ~ \6;.. '-1 87 . r:;-\l d-C 0 web page 3 of 10 [5]@ (9. oJ de~e,h,<. \(:)\. ~ loOO chtpl ?(x:z is) JSc,~1'1. @ 10. ~p :. \l.\.\ j er~ '·~ A company of semiconductor chips produces 2% defective chips. anticipate that chips are impartial and that a whole lot consists of a thousand chips. Approximate the likelihood that greater than 25 chips are defective (hint: believe on the ordinary approximation to the binomial distribution). P(X::x)) n.p)= (Q)px (\-p)r\--x 0( )( .:: ~~)1 IMOJ o. o?-) :: (i ~J o .oi~5 ( \- (;) ,oi)IDOIJ-1'5 DO) r o.0 4 'sixteen -,.s suppose that a computing device filling mini-packing containers of raisins fills the boxes in order that the load of the containers has a inhabitants imply of 14.1 grams and a inhabitants common deviation of 1.4 grams. If a random pattern of 49 bins is chosen, what's the chance that the sample mean will be greater than 14 grams? h:; \,\ C\ v( x~,~) -= I . 2-Y;? PCx 2. 1v\).::: ~ 7 1- P(x.:il-\) = \- 0,"\ 7'J.\ +3 .s page four of 10 11. a glass brand produces sheets of glass. From historical statistics, it is established that r5::. 0, ,iy \"P 'd-5 'f.::. 'three.0'-1. CI.= _ q5 l'Y)!V\ rnM the thickness of the glass sheets has a typical deviation of 0.124 mm. think a random sample of 25 glass sheets is obtained and their thicknesses are measured. The ensuing pattern mean is 3.04 mm. assemble a 95% (two-sided) confidence interval for the suggest thickness of the glass sheets. make certain to consist of a verbal interpretation ofyour self belief interval. assemble a 95% (two-sided) confidence interval for the suggest thickness of the glass sheets. , •• \I\J~ [\ are C\S l!'fo COY\\' ,, f'lt -\-hLir -the ~eovi h bdvv,(V) J-,G\q\ l'YlM anol 3.owq mM, [4] (b) If forty samples of size 25 are selected, and you construct a self assurance interval with every sample, what number of self assurance intervals do you are expecting to comprise the actual mean glass thickness? Justify your reply. t(ca1.v1..e. v,.,e. o.\-t qs"?0 ccw,.frclev'\'1- 1 + kw.. rneo-11 , , (V,C!J)(l.{o) k obou+ 28 =~¥ . so\"Vlple.i CJf' ~j wdl (CJV'h/lri 12. A company of synthetic rubber desires to estimate interval for the imply rubber hardness (measured in levels Shore). A sample of 16 items of rubber became evaluated and right here descriptive facts abstract for hardness become built the usage of MINIT AB. Descriptive facts: Hardness Variable Hardness N mean Median St Dev SE imply 16 sixty four . 484 sixty four.300 three.444 0. eight 61 I"\ [4] ~ fJJ'X s (a) With the tips given, assemble the requested two-sided ninety five% tolerance interval for 90% of items of rubber manufactured. ok O,o'S. J 0, C\J 16 ::. a. "'117 b <.'lUV\cA .:- sixty four.1-\81.\ - (i."1,7) (1,"1"1'·1) .::- 56.04\ 7 \JI'() f.t.r bou.n o\ :: bl..\.u. i\.\ -1- ci.'l.11) Li·"'~~,,, ~O\/.str- ~ [4] (b) ,~. ~P With the suggestions given, construct a two-sided ninety five% prediction interval for the hardness of the next piece of rubber manufactured {, o,01'5 l \~ ::: ~-\3\S Lowr bo\.\r\u\ "' by way of,4.:?4 - {;ui1s) (three .Llv\"\Ji:JJ 5 <;,f.\D Uprtrbovl\o\:: sixty one.\,~v\ - (d.,,315) (three."114"1q) _ 1 ~,05\ [ 56,C\\"') .: X-5 ~ ,~ . OS l J page 6 of 10 Standard N onnal Probabilities z -3.4 -3.3 -3.2 -3.1 -3.0 -2.9 -2.8 -2.7 -2 .6 -2.5 -2.4 -2.3 -2.2 -2.1 -2.0 -1.9 -1.8 -1.7 -1.6 -1.5 -1.4 -1.3 -1.2 -1.1 -1.0 -0.9 -0.8 -0.7 -0.6 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0 .0 .. o:oe· 0.0003 0.0005 0.0007 0.0010 0.0013 0.0019 0.0026 0.0035 0.0047 0.0062 0.0082 0.0107 0.0139 0.0179 0.0228 0.0287 0.0359 0.0446 0.0548 0.0668 0.0808 0.0968 0.1151 0.1357 0.1587 0.1841 0.2119 0.2420 0.2743 0.3085 0.3446 0.3821 0.4207 0.4602 0.5000 [-oo, Za] 0 O._Q;:10 .0003 0.0005 0.0007 0.0009 0.0013 0.0018 0.0025 0.0034 0.0045 0.0060 0.0080 0.0104 0.0136 0.0174 0.0222 0.0281 0.0351 0.0436 0.0537 0.0655 0.0793 0.0951 0.1131 0.1335 0.1562 0.1814 0.2090 0.2389 0.2709 0.3050 0.3409 0.3783 0.4168 0.4562 0.4960 1 0.Q~ 0.0003 0.0005 0.0006 0.0009 0.0013 0 .0018 0.0024 0.0033 0.0044 0.0059 0.0078 0 .0102 0 .0132 0.0170 0.0217 0.0274 0.0344 0.0427 0.0526 0 .0643 0.0778 0.0934 0.1112 0.1314 0.1539 0.1788 0.2061 0.2358 0.2676 0.3015 0.3372 0.3745 0.4129 0.4522 0.4920 J.0.03',, 0.0003 0.0004 0.0006 0.0009 0.0012 0.0017 0.0023 0.0032 0.0043 0.0057 0.0075 0.0099 0.0129 0.0166 0.0212 0.0268 0.0336 0.0418 0.0516 0.0630 0.0764 0 .0918 0.1093 0.1292 0.1515 0.1762 0.2033 0.2327 0.2643 0.2981 0 .3336 0.3707 0.4090 0.4483 0.4880 0.0l:1-'~ 0.0003 0.0004 0.0006 0.0008 0.0012 0.0016 0.0023 0.0031 0.0041 0.0055 0.0073 0.0096 0.0125 0.0162 0.0207 0.0262 0.0329 0.0409 0.0505 0.0618 0.0749 0.0901 0.1075 0.1271 0.1492 0.1736 0.2005 0.2296 0.2611 0.2946 0.3300 0.3669 0.4052 0.4443 0.4840 ,0.Q§ 0.0003 0.0004 0.0006 0.0008 0.0011 0.0016 0.0022 0.0030 0.0040 0.0054 0.0071 0.0094 0.0122 0.0158 0.0202 0.0256 0.0322 0.0401 0.0495 0.0606 0.0735 0.0885 0.1056 0.1251 0.1469 0.1711 0.1977 0.2266 0.2578 0.2912 0.3264 0.3632 0.4013 0.4404 0.4801 0.08 ., ~@ .0_g_ • (©.OW. 0.0003 0.0004 0.0006 0.0008 0.0011 0.0015 0.0021 0.0029 0.0039 0.0052 0.0069 0.0091 0.0119 0.0154 0.0197 0.0250 0.0314 0.0392 0.0485 0.0594 0.0721 0.0869 0.1038 0.1230 0.1446 0.1685 0.1949 0.2236 0.2546 0.2877 0.3228 0.3594 0.3974 0.4364 0.4761 0.0003 0.0004 0.0005 0 .0008 0.0011 0.0015 0.0021 0.0028 0.0038 0.0051 0.0068 0.0089 0.0116 0.0150 0.0192 0.0244 0.0307 0.0384 0.0475 0.0582 0.0708 0.0853 0.1020 0.1210 0.1423 0.1660 0.1922 0.2206 0.2514 0.2843 0.3192 0.3557 0.3936 0.4325 0.4721 0.0003 0.0004 0.0005 0.0007 0.0010 0.0014 0.0020 0.0027 0.0037 0.0049 0.0066 0.0087 0.0113 0.0146 0.0188 0.0239 0.0301 0.0375 0.0465 0.0571 0.0694 0.0838 0.1003 0.1190 0.1401 0.1635 0.1894 0.2177 0.2483 0.2810 0.3156 0.3520 0.3897 0.4286 0.4681 page 7 of 10 0.09 0.0002 0.0003 0.0005 0.0007 0.0010 0.0014 0.0019 0.0026 0.0036 0.0048 0.0064 0.0084 0.0110 0.0143 0.0183 0.0233 . 0.0294 0.0367 0.0455 0.0559 0.0681 0.0823 0 .0985 0.1170 0 .1379 0.1611 0.1867 0.2148 0.2451 0.2776 0.3121 0.3483 0.3859 0.4247 0.4641 average general chances (persisted) .z 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.three 0.four 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.three 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.eight 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.four 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.eight 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 0.00 ' 0.01 0.02 1 0.03 0.04 0.5000 0.5398 0.5793 0.6179 0.6554 0.6915 0.7257 0.7580 0.7881 0.8159 0.8413 0.8643 0.8849 0.9032 0.9192 0.9332 0.9452 0.9554 0.9641 0.9713 0.9772 0.9821 0.9861 0.9893 0.9918 0.9938 0.9953 0.9965 0.9974 0.9981 0.9987 0.9990 0.9993 0.9995 0.9997 0.5040 0.5438 0.5832 0.6217 0.6591 0.6950 0.7291 0.7611 0.7910 0.8186 0.8438 0.8665 0.8869 0.9049 0.9207 0.9345 0.9463 0.9564 0.9649 0.9719 0.9778 0.9826 0.9864 0.9896 0.9920 0.9940 0.9955 0.9966 0.9975 0.9982 0.9987 0.9991 0.9993 0.9995 0.9997 0.5080 0.5478 0.5871 0.6255 0.6628 0.6985 0.7324 0.7642 0.7939 0.8212 0.8461 0.8686 0.8888 0.9066 0.9222 0.9357 0.9474 0.9573 0.9656 0.9726 0.9783 0.9830 0.9868 0.9898 0.9922 0.9941 0.9956 0.9967 0.9976 0.9982 0.9987 0.9991 0.9994 0.9995 0.9997 0.5120 0.5517 0.5910 0.6293 0.6664 0.7019 0.7357 0.7673 0.7967 0.8238 0.8485 0.8708 0.8907 0.9082 0.9236 0.9370 0.9484 0.9582 0.9664 0.9732 0.9788 0.9834 0.9871 0.9901 0.9925 0.9943 0.9957 0.9968 0.9977 0.9983 0.9988 0.9991 0.9994 0.9996 0.9997 0.5160 0.5557 0.5948 0.6331 0.6700 0.7054 0.7389 0.7704 0.7995 0.8264 0.8508 0.8729 0.8925 0.9099 0.9251 0.9382 0.9495 0.9591 0.9671 0.9738 0.9793 0.9838 0.9875 0.9904 0.9927 0.9945 0.9959 0.9969 0.9977 0.9984 0.9988 0.9992 0.9994 0.9996 0.9997 0.05 , 6 0.5199 0.5596 0.5987 0.6368 0.6736 0.7088 0.7422 0.7734 0.8023 0.8289 0.8531 0.8749 0.8944 0.9115 0.9265 0.9394 0.9505 0.9599 0.9678 0.9744 0.9798 0.9842 0.9878 0.9906 0.9929 0.9946 0.9960 0.9970 0.9978 0.9984 0.9989 0.9992 0.9994 0.9996 0.9997 0.06 O.Q7 0.08 ~.09 0.5239 0.5636 0.6026 0.6406 0.6772 0.7123 0.7454 0.7764 0.8051 0.8315 0.8554 0.8770 0.8962 0.9131 0.9279 0.9406 0.9515 0.9608 0.9686 0.9750 0.9803 0.9846 0.9881 0.9909 0.9931 0.9948 0.9961 0.9971 0.9979 0.9985 0.9989 0.9992 0.9994 0.9996 0.9997 0.5279 0.5675 0.6064 0.6443 0.6808 0.7157 0.7486 0.7794 0.8078 0.8340 0.8577 0.8790 0.8980 0.9147 0.9292 0.9418 0.9525 0.9616 0.9693 0.9756 0.9808 0.9850 0.9884 0.9911 0.9932 0.9949 0.9962 0.9972 0.9979 0.9985 0.9989 0.9992 0.9995 0.9996 0.9997 0.5319 0.5714 0.6103 0.6480 0.6844 0.7190 0.7517 0.7823 0.8106 0.8365 0.8599 0.8810 0.8997 0.9162 0.9306 0.9429 0.9535 0.9625 0.9699 0.9761 0.9812 0.9854 0.9887 0.9913 0.9934 0.9951 0.9963 0.9973 0.9980 0.9986 0.9990 0.9993 0.9995 0.9996 0.9997 0.5359 0.5753 0.6141 0.6517 0.6879 0.7224 0.7549 0.7852 0.8133 0.8389 0.8621 0.8830 0.9015 0.9177 0.9319 0.9441 0.9545 0.9633 0.9706 0.9767 0.9817 0.9857 0.9890 0.9916 0.9936 0.9952 0.9964 0.9974 0.9981 web page eight of 10 0.9986 0.9990 0.9993 0.9995 0.9997 0.9998 scholar's t Distribution ~J; 1 2 3 four 5 6 7 eight 9 10 eleven 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 """ 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 forty forty one forty two 43 forty four 45 46 forty seven 48 49 50 fifty one 52 fifty three ' ..Q..is ., 1.0000 0.8165 0.7649 0.7407 0.7267 0.7176 0.7111 0.7064 0.7027 0.6998 0.6974 0.6955 0.6938 0.6924 0.6912 0.6901 0.6892 0.6884 0.6876 0.6870 0.6864 0.6858 0.6853 0.6848 0.6844 0.6840 0.6837 0.6834 0.6830 0.6828 0.6825 0.6822 0.6820 0.6818 0.6816 0.6814 0.6812 0.6810 0.6808 0.6807 0.6805 0.6804 0.6802 0.6801 0.6800 0.6799 0.6797 0.6796 0.6795 0.6794 0.6793 0.6792 0.6791 • :• l OH three.0777 1.8856 1.6377 1.5332 1.4759 1.4398 1.4149 1.3968 1.3830 1.3722 1.3634 1.3562 1.3502 1.3450 1.3406 1.3368 1.3334 1.3304 1.3277 1.3253 1.3232 1.3212 1.3 195 l.3178 1.3163 1.3150 1.3137 1.3 a hundred twenty five 1.3 114 1.3104 1.3095 1.3086 1.3077 1.3070 1.3062 1.3055 1.3049 1.3042 1.3036 13031 1.3025 1.3020 1.3016 1.3011 1.3006 1.3002 1.2998 1.2994 1.2991 1.2987 1.2984 1.2980 1.2977 upper Tail area 0,-02$ '"· 0.01 6.3 138 12.7062 31.8207 2.9200 4.3027 6.9646 2.3534 3. 1824 four.5407 2. 1318 2.7764 3.7469 2.0150 2.5706 3.3649 1.9432 2.4469 three.1427 1.8946 2.3646 2.9980 1.8595 2.3060 2.8965 1.8331 2.2622 2.8214 1.8125 2.2281 2.7638 1.7959 2.2010 2.718 1 1.7823 2.1788 2.sixty eight 10 1.7709 2. 1604 2.6503 1.seventy six 13 2.1448 2.6245 1.7531 2.1315 2.6025 1.7459 2.1199 2.5835 1.7396 2.1098 2.5669 1.7341 2.1009 2.5524 1.729 1 ~ 2.0930 2.5395 1.7247 2.0860 2.5280 2.0796 1.7207 2.5177 2.0739 1.7171 2.5083 1.7139 2.0687 2.4999 1.7109 2.0639 2.4922 1.7081 20595 2.485 1 1.7056 2.0555 2.4786 1.7033 2.0518 2.4727 1.701 1 2.0484 2.467 l 1.6991 2.0452 2.4620 2.0423 1.6973 2.4573 1.6955 2.0395 2.4528 1.6939 2.0369 2.4487 2 0345 1.6924 2.4448 1.6909 2.0322 2.44 eleven 2.030 1 2.4377 1.6896 2.4345 2.0281 1.6883 1.6871 2.0262 2.4314 2.0244 1.6860 2.4286 2.0227 2.4258 1.6849 2.02 eleven 1.6839 2.4233 1.6829 2.0195 2.4208 1.6820 2.0181 2.4185 2.0167 2.four 163 1.6811 2.0154 1.6802 2.4141 1.6794 2.014 1 2.4121 1.6787 2.0129 2.4102 1.6779 2.0117 2.4083 2.4066 1.6772 2.0106 2.0096 2.4049 1.6766 1.6759 2.0086 2.4033 2.0076 2.4017 1.6753 1.6747 2.0066 2.4002 1.6741 2.0057 2.3988 ,oos ·• s, q O 0$ _ J!. sixty three.6574 9.9248 5.8409 four.6041 4.0322 3.7074 three.4995 3.3554 3.2498 3. 1693 3.1058 3.0545 three.0123 2.9768 2.9467 2.9208 2.8982 2.8784 2.8609 2.8453 2.eighty three 14 2.8188 2.8073 2.7969 2.7874 2.7787 2.7707 2.7633 2.7564 2.7500 2.7440 2.7385 2.7333 2.7284 2.7238 2.7195 2.7154 2.7 eleven 6 2.7079 2.7045 2.7012 2.698 1 2.695 1 2.6923 2.6896 2.6870 2.6846 2.6822 2.6800 2.6778 2.6757 2.6737 2.6718 < Gont'a fifty four fifty five 56 57 fifty eight fifty nine 60 61 62 63 sixty four 65 66 67 sixty eight 69 70 71 seventy two 73 seventy four 75 seventy six seventy seven 78 seventy nine eighty eighty one 82 83 eighty four 85 86 87 88 89 90 ninety one 92 ninety three ninety four 95 ninety six ninety seven ninety eight 99 100 O.l1.5 ., 0.6791 0.6790 0.6789 0.6788 0.4787 0.6787 0.6786 0.6785 0.6785 0.6784 0.6783 0.6783 0.6782 0.6782 0.6781 0.678 1 0.6780 0.6780 0.6779 0.6779 0.6778 0.6778 0.6777 0.6777 0.6776 0.6776 0.6776 0.6775 0.6775 0.6775 0.6774 0.6774 0.6774 0.6773 0.6773 0.6773 0.6772 0.6772 0.6772 O.(i771 0.677 1 0.6771 0.6771 0.6770 0.6770 0.6770 0.6770 0.10 1.2974 l.297 1 l.2969 1.2966 1.2963 l.2961 1.2958 1.2956 1.2954 1.2951 1.2949 1.2947 1.2945 1.2943 1.2941 1.2939 1.2938 l.2936 1.2934 1.2933 1.4931 1.2929 1.2928 1.2926 1.2925 1.2924 1.2922 1.2921 1.2920 1.29 18 1.2917 1.2916 1.2915 1.2914 1.2912 1.2911 1.2910 1.2909 1.2908 1.2907 1.2906 1.2905 1.2904 1.2903 1.2902 1.2902 1.2901 0.05 1.6736 1.6730 1.6725 ~ 0._025 2.0049 2.0040 2.0032 2.0025 2.0017 2.0010 2.0003 1.9996 1.9990 1.9983 1.9977 1.9971 1.9966 1.9960 1.9955 1.9949 1.9944 1.9939 1.9935 1.9930 1.9925 1.9921 1.9917 1.99 13 1.9908 1.9905 1.9901 1.9897 1.9893 1.9890 1.9886 1.9883 1.9879 1.9876 1.9873 1.9870 1.9867 1.9864 1.9861 1.9858 1.9855 1.9853 1.9850 1.9847 1.9845 1.9842 1.9840 Limo 1.6716 1.6711 1.6706 1.6702 1.6698 1.6694 1.6690 1.6686 1.6683 1.6679 1.6676 1.6672 1.6669 1.6666 1.6663 1.6660 1.6657 1.6654 1.6652 1.6649 1.6646 1.6644 1.6641 1.6639 1.6636 1.6634 1 6632 1.6630 1.6628 1.6626 1.6624 1.6622 1.6620 1.6618 1.6616 1.6614 1.6612 1.6611 1.6609 1.6607 1.6606 1.6604 1.6602 ~- O,Olr • 2.3974 2.3961 2.3948 2.3936 2.3924 2.3912 2.3901 2.3890 2.3880 2.3870 2.3860 2.385 1 2.3842 2.3833 2.3824 2.38 sixteen 2.3808 2.3800 2.3793 2.3785 2.3778 2.3771 2.3764 2.3758 2.375 1 2.3745 2.3739 2.3733 2.3727 2.3721 2.3716 2.37iO 2.3705 2.3700 2.3695 2.3690 2.3685 2.3680 2.3676 2.3671 2.3667 2.3662 2.3658 2.3654 2.3650 2.3646 2.3642 0,905 2.6700 2.6682 2.6665 2.6649 2.6633 2.6618 2.6603 2.6589 2.6575 2.6561 2.6549 2.6536 2.6524 2.6512 2.6501 2.6490 2.6479 2.6469 2.6459 2.6449 2.sixty four 39 2.6430 2.642 1 2.6412 2.6403 2.6395 2.6387 2.6379 2.6371 2.6364 2.6356 2.6349 2.6342 2.63 35 2.6329 2.6322 2.63 sixteen 2.6309 2.6303 2.6297 2.6291 2.6286 2.6280 2.6275 2.6269 2.6264 2.6259 eleven 0 0.6767 I 1.2893 I 1.6588 I 1.9818 I 2.3607 I 2.6213 a hundred and twenty 0.6765 I I 1.6m I 1.9799 I 2.3578 I 2.6 174 0.6745 I 1.2816 I 1.6449 I 1.9600 I 2.3263 I 2.5758 co 1.2886 web page 9 of I 0 ,._ - .... factors for 2-Sided Tolerance Limits n p = 0.90 2 three 41 5 6 7 8 9 10 eleven 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 25 30 35 40 forty five 50 fifty five 60 sixty five 70 75 80 85 90 95 one hundred a hundred and fifty 200 250 300 four hundred 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 00 ninety five% co.nfidence p=0.9'5 p=o.,2 32.019 8.380 5.369 4.275 three.712 3.369 3.136 2.967 2.839 2.737 2.655 2.587 2.529 2.480 2.437i 2.four hundred 2.366 2.337 2.310 2.208 2.140 2.090 2.052 2.021 1.996 1.976 1.958 1.943 1.929 1.917 1.907 1.897 1.889 1.881 1.874 1.825 1.798 1.780 1.767 1.749 1.737 1.729 1.722 1.717 1.712 1.709 1.645 37.674 9.916 6.370 5.079 4.414 four.007 3.732 3.532 3.379 three.259 three.162 three.081 three.012 2.954 2.903 2.858 2.819 2.784 2.752 2.631 2.549 2.490 2.445 2.408 2.379 2.354 2.333 2.315 2.299 2.285 2.272 2.261 99% self assurance p . = 0.90 • p='0.ninety five p=0.ninety nine 48.430 12.861 8.299 6.634 5.775 5.248 four.891 4.631 4.433 four.277 4.one hundred fifty 4.044 3.955 3.878 3.812 three.754 3.702 three.656 three.615 three.457 3.350 3.272 3.213 3.a hundred sixty five three.126 three.094 three.066 3.042 three.021 3.002 2.986 2.971 one hundred sixty.193 18:930 9.398 6.612 5.337 four.613 four.147 three.822 3.582 3.397 three.250 3.a hundred thirty three.029 2.945 2.872 2.808 2.753 2.703 2.659 2.494 2.385 2.306 2.247 2.200 2.162 2.one hundred thirty 2.103 2.080 2.060 2.042 2.026 2.012 188.491 22.401 eleven.150 7.855 6.345 5.488 four.936 4.550 four.265 4.045 three.870 3.727 three.608 3.507 3.421 3.345 3.279 3.221 three.168 2.972 2.841 2.748 2.677 2.621 2.576 2 .538 2.506 2.478 2.454 2.433 2.414 2.397 242.300 29.055 14.527 10.260 eight.301 7.187 6.468 5.966 5.594 5.308 5.079 four.893 four.737 four.605 4.492 four.393 four.307 four.230 4.161 3.904 three.733 3.611 3.518 three.444 three.385 3.335 3.293 three.257 three.225 3.197 three.173 3.one hundred fifty 2.2 fifty one 2.958 1.ninety nine 9 2.382 3 . a hundred thirty 2.241 2.233 2.one hundred seventy five 2.143 2.121 2.106 2.084 2.070 2.060 2.052 2.046 2.040 2.036 1.960 2.945 2.934 2.859 2.816 2.788 2.767 2.739 2.721 2.707 2.697 2.688 2.682 2.676 2.576 1.987 1.977 1.905 1.865 1.839 1.820 1.794 1.777 1.764 1.755 1.747 1.741 1.736 1.645 2.368 2.355 2.270 2.222 2.191 2.169 2.138 2.11 7 2.102 2.091 2.082 2.075 2.068 1.960 three.112 three.096 2.983 2.921 2.880 2.850 2.809 2.783 2.763 2.748 2.736 2.726 2.718 2.576 ...View Full document


    Inhibition of amphetamine- and apomorphine-triggered behavioural outcomes with the aid of neuropeptide Y Y(1) receptor antagonist BIBO 3304.

    Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has a vital role in the legislation of stress responses and feeding behaviour. there's proof that some consequences elicited by means of NPY ensue because of modulation of motion of typical neurotransmitters. The leading objective of the existing look at was to examine behavioural consequences of the radical neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y(1) receptor antagonist (R)-N-[[4-(aminocarbonylaminomethyl)-phenyl]methyl]-N(2)-(diphe nylacetyl)-argininamide trifluoroacetate (BIBO 3304) on dopamine-based behaviour. Intracerebroventricular administration of BIBO 3304 (1, 10, 50 nmol) had no effect on locomotor activity as measured through variety of rearings and number of squares visited in an open container test in rats, however at 50 nmol dose defecation become tremendously multiplied. BIBO 3304 (10 nmol) reduced amphetamine-precipitated raises in horizontal and vertical undertaking whereas its S-configurated enantiomer BIBO 3457 became inactive. In an open container test BIBO 3304 (10 nmol) inhibited purposeless working in rats sensitized to direct dopaminergic agonist apomorphine (0.5 mg/kg, s.c.). BIBO 3304 (10 nmol but not 1 nmol, i.c.v.) reduced fighting in apomorphine-precipitated aggression paradigm. Apomorphine-caused aggression become decreased via a different, structurally an identical, however less strong NPY Y(1) receptor antagonist BIBP 3226 (10 nmol, i.c.v.). A decrease dose of BIBP 3226 (1 nmol, i.c.v.) turned into inactive. Concomitant administration of BIBO 3304 (10 nmol) with low doses of apomorphine (0.5 mg/kg s.c.) over the direction of 10 days did not steer clear of the development of apomorphine-caused aggressiveness. These facts exhibit that behavioural response to in a roundabout way (amphetamine) and directly (apomorphine) appearing dopaminergic stimulants is inhibited via NPY Y(1) receptor antagonists and imply that NPY Y(1) receptor activation could be important in pathophysiology of disorders associated with hyperactivity of dopaminergic pathways, similar to psychosis, schizophrenia and drug abuse. We suggest that the effects of BIBO 3304 on amphetamine/apomorphine-brought on locomotion and apomorphine-brought on aggressiveness are because of modulation of postsynaptic dopaminergic responses rather than direct consequences of NPY Y(1) receptor antagonists on dopamine or NPY unlock.





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